Shaffer, G.S. and L.M. Anderson. 1985. Perceptions of the security and attractiveness of urban parking lots. Journal of Environmental Psychology 5(4):311-323.
A survey was conducted using 211 college students to determine the attractiveness and perceived security of 180 scenes of parking lots adjacent to commercial and residential structures in Atlanta and Athens, Georgia. Findings show that the greater the amount of vegetation, the higher the rating of attractiveness. Security was rated higher only when the vegetation was well maintained, and appeared to be part of the original landscape design. The author discusses the results of the findings, as well as the impact of natural features in urban areas for increasing attractiveness and reducing fear of crime.