Levi, A.W. 1984. Nature and art. Journal of Aesthetic Education 18(3):5-21.
Traces the relationship between natural and urban settings as reflected in philosophy, literature, and art from classical times to the present day, arguing that this relationship is symbolic of fundamental shifts in the human experience. Since the landscape as a medium of emotional involvement and sensuous enjoyment has practically ceased to exist, radical transformations have taken place in the relationship between art and nature. Today, modern industrial and technical objects and modes of living solicit a stronger human allegiance than nature, and the consequences are apparent in current views, values, and modes of perception.