Bonham, B. 1991. Philadelphia Green's Greene Towne Country model as an agent for community development: findings of case studies. In: D. Relf, ed., The Role of Horticulture in Human Well- Being and Social Development: A National Symposium (proceedings), Timber Press, Portland, OR 97225.

The Philadelphia Green program works extensively in targeted neighborhoods in the city's low and moderate income sections to create Greene Countrie Townes (GCT) where vacant lots are transformed into flower and vegetable gardens and streets are lined with trees and wine barrels of shrubs and flowers. The goal is to effect a measure of community development in physical terms, as well as sociological terms. The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society is currently undertaking a year-long study to assess the success of the program in achieving the social goals of developing leadership abilities, community pride, participation, organizational capacity, and other community development activities. Consultants are analyzing the program's planning, organizing, and implementation approach to each of three GCT neighborhoods, and will suggest adapting these approaches in the future by giving more consideration to the existing social conditions. Research methods include site evaluations; interviews with gardeners, community leaders, and program staff; and an analysis of other community activities as spin-offs.